The graphics card of a computer (or console) is one of the essential parts of the operation of this equipment. Without a graphics card in line with the demands of new technologies, software, and the growing demand for better graphics in video games and design programs, the tasks will be practically impossible.
If you have an Intel or NVIDIA graphics card, you already have a powerful ally to render your design work or play the most demanding games. It will always be necessary to keep your drivers updated for better performance. Here, we teach you how to update the graphics card of your computer below.
How to update the graphics card?
The process of updating a graphics card varies according to the model and brand. Thus, when you understand, for example, how to update an Intel graphics card, you will not be able to apply the same steps as when updating an NVIDIA graphics card or in Windows 10.
Update an Intel graphics card
If you have a graphics card incorporated in the motherboard to the Intel processor, then it is advisable to download the Intel Driver Support and Technical Support. This software will maintain the drivers or drivers of the graphics card and other Intel components that your computer has updated with its latest version.
Update an NVIDIA video card
Updates to an NVIDIA video card, as well as Intel’s, require an assistant, that is, software that helps keep them in top condition and their latest version.
Therefore, it is recommended to download the NVIDIA Geforce Experience. With this program, all the drivers of your NVIDIA video card will be updated automatically and, also, you can optimize the functions according to the requirements of the computer and the programs that are installed.
How to update a video card in Windows 10?
One of the easiest ways to update the driver or driver of the video card with Windows 10 is to do it manually, through the default Windows Update application. In uncommon, we show you what to do next:
- First, go to the “Start” option.
Next, select the “Settings” tab and, in the new window, click “System.”
Afterward, select “Screen Settings” and then “Advanced Screen Settings.”
Then click on the screen adapter option.
Click on the “Properties” button and, in the new pop-up window, click on “Controller.”
Then, click on “Update driver.”
In the window that opens, on the first option, on “Automatically search for updated driver software.”
As a final step, once the update of the video card has been installed, it will proceed to restart the computer. Your update will be ready!
Knowing the type of graphics card your computer has is simple. All you have to do is follow the steps that we indicate below:
First, go to the default system folder called “Computer.” There you will find the partitions of the hard disk of your computer and some other folders predetermined by the system such as downloads and documents.
Next, you must click with the right mouse button on “Team” or “This team.”
In the panel that will appear after the click, you will have to select the “Manage” option.
Once the relevant window opens, you will have to go to the left side menu and select the “System Tools” option.
After seeing how several alternatives are displayed, you will have to click on “Device Manager.”
Once there, and with a new pop-up window, you will have to display the second option, called “Screen adapters.”
After applying the sixth step, you will find the name of the graphics card that your PC or laptop has.
What are the components of a graphics card?
The elements of a graphics card are constituted by the GPU, the GRAM memory, the RAMDAC, the outputs, the power port, the interfaces with the board, and the cooling devices. Each of these includes a specific function, and in a COMO, we explain each one later:
The GPU – What is it?
The GPU is a graphics processor. Its primary function is to help the central processor of the computer with the processing of data dedicated to the graphics interface, that is, the one we see on the screen, such as 3D development. The GPU has one of the most critical tasks within the graphics card, and this is achieved thanks to 3 fundamental characteristics: the speed of the nucleus or frequency of the clock, the shaders, and the vertices; these last two are in charge of the appearance of the 3D and 2D graphics.
It is the storage that the graphics card uses to accumulate the information that will be processed, and that is waiting for the completion of other processes in the GPU. In general, there are two types of graphical memory or GRAM: the dedicated one, which works directly with the GPU, and the shared one, which borrows part of the storage not used by RAM.
The RAMDAC is responsible for acting as a transistor of digital signals and as a capacitor to emit analog signals. To put it more simply, basically, the RAMDAC stores and condenses the alphanumeric messages it receives from the computer and transforms them into digitally perceptible data on the screen.
The power source or power source is the one that energizes the graphics card. Mostly, this is linked to the motherboard of the computer, although some (such as PCIe) are directly connected to the power supply of the equipment to operate since its power consumption can be higher than 70W.
Interfaces – What are they?
The interfaces are responsible for receiving and sending data from the motherboard. These are the connections between the graphics card and the base card of the computer.
The graphics cards also have their cooling devices. These fulfill the function of dissipating the heat generated by the GPU to avoid overloads in operation or that the components are melted. There are three types of refrigerant devices:
- The heat sinks
- The fans
- The liquid refrigeration
The outputs of a graphics card are those that allow to connect it to other devices such as computers, consoles, and televisions. In general, there is a wide variety of these data entries, but the most common are: